LIFESTYLE

What is the Difference Between Infectious Diseases & Non-Infectious Diseases?

A disease is any condition that affects the body’s ability function properly. There are many ways to classify diseases, including:

* Infectious diseases (or contagious diseases) and non-infectious diseases (non-communicable).

* Acute and Chronic;

* Systemic or localized diseases

This article will discuss infectious and non-infectious diseases as well as the differences between them.

Infectious Diseases

Pathogens are the main cause of these medical conditions. This harmful agent includes viruses, bacteria and parasites. You can spread these diseases through a variety of means. It can be spread through the air by an infected person sneezing or coughing, through contact with infected surfaces, food and drinks, or through sexual contact or insect bites.

Coronavirus is one of several infectious diseases. Others include the common cold and strep throat.

Non-Infectious Diseases

Non-communicable illnesses are conditions that can’t be passed from person to person. These diseases are known to be severe and last for a long time. These diseases are often associated with the elderly. Studies show that 15 million people between 30 and 69 years of age die each year from non-communicable disease. More than 85 percent occur in low and middle income countries, as well as vulnerable communities.

What is the difference between infectious diseases and non-infectious diseases?

First, infectious diseases are caused when harmful organisms such as fungi or viruses enter your body. Non-communicable illnesses are caused by genetics or anatomical differences.

A difference between infectious diseases and noninfectious ones is that, while the environment’s hygienic status can either reduce or increase their occurrence, noncommunicable illnesses are not affected by it.

Infectious Diseases Symptoms

The type of infection will determine the symptoms. Common symptoms of fungal infections include rash and irritation. Bacterial or viral infections may cause symptoms like fever, congestion and chills. Your healthcare provider can diagnose these infectious diseases by using the following methods:

* Throat swabs;

* Collecting the samples of blood, urine, poop or spit; or

* Scraping off a small sample of skin or other tissues.

Conclusion

Whether you have a chronic disease that is communicable, or not, it’s important to consult your doctor. Different symptoms can be associated with different types of chronic diseases.

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